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History of Libya conflict. Jump to map. Iraq Clashes in Sadrin Square, Najaf, some tents were burned and injuries were reported. Syria New displacement from Idlib towards the Turkish border. Syria Airstrikes on Maarat Al Numan. We have noticed that you are using an ad-blocking software Liveuamap is editorially independent, we don't receive funding from commercial networks, governments or other entities. Our only source of our revenues is advertising.
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Hong Kong. District Columbia. Region Language About Hide advertising. The others possible went to Sidi Barrani, Egypt. GNA: A ship carrying 40 containers of military supplies and ammunition arrived in Hafter-controlled Tobruk from Egypt. GNA army spox announced the Western and Central regions as Military operation area's any Military vehicle, fuel, goods truck are not allowed to move without contact us first.
GNA Volcano of Anger Operations Room: We ask merchants to contact us to secure movement of medicine and food goods before passing through military areas. LNA shelled Al-Khadra hospital in Tripoli with more than 20 Grad Missiles, most of the damages inside the hospital are in the neonatal "newborn" intensive care unit IC Nursery ,and the maternity unit.
Show patterns instead colors. Russia, Hezbollah, Iran, Syria, Lebanon. Different rebel forces, protesters. Al Qaeda, Taliban, Al Shabab. Conservative, traditional or far-right personalities and organizations illiberal compared to usual blue color. Islamic State organization. Road accidents, cars. Artillery, MLRS.
Airplanes, jets. Camps, tents.Purge server cache. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Towns and strategic places : Villages and details: This box: view talk edit.
This box: view talk edit. Amarinah Tahtaniyah. Tawq Khalil. Kabir Saghir. Kabir Kabir. Al Hattaniyah. Bir Marhitan. Khirbat Sawdan. Jubb al Qadir. Janf al-Hamer. Khirbat al-Bayda'. Tall Akhdar. Al-Baydhah al-Sharqiyah. Al-Baydhah al-Gharbiah. Ad Daw. Bir Umm al-Tababir. Qasr al-Halabat. Zannobia Resort. Khan al Manqura. Kafr Qaris. Tall Susayn. Tarfah Gharbiyah. Tarfah Sharqiyah. Mazraat Jarez. Umm al Hutah.
Tal Safer. Al Kiradi. Al Juryat. Al Muaramah.
Bir iyi. Bir Hussein.Liveuamap is opendata-driven media platform that change the way you receive latest news. Explore a map, messages, pictures and videos from the conflict zones. History of ISIS conflict. Jump to map. Iraq Clashes in Sadrin Square, Najaf, some tents were burned and injuries were reported. Syria New displacement from Idlib towards the Turkish border. Syria Airstrikes on Maarat Al Numan.
We have noticed that you are using an ad-blocking software Liveuamap is editorially independent, we don't receive funding from commercial networks, governments or other entities. Our only source of our revenues is advertising. We respect your choice to block banners, but without them we cannot fund our operation and bring you valuable independent news. Thank you.
Buy now. Liveuamap is covering security and conflict reports around the world, select the region of your interest. Hong Kong. District Columbia. Region Language About Hide advertising. Syria: after yesterday's raids in SE.
Violent shelling of warplanes on locations where Islamic State advanced on Sukhnah town in Homs. Homs desert. It coincided with multiple takeoffs from Russian Airbase.
ISIS claimed responsibility for attack.
IS-West Africa militants claimed to have fired 10 heavy mortar rounds at a Nigerian military base in Goniri. The body is in the Al-Rawda mosque. Deir ez-Zor, several vehicles from the National Defense Militia, the Quds Brigade militia, the Fatimiyun militia, and a number of the al-Busaraya clans went to Jabal al-Bishri to hunt down armed groups that killed a shepherd and stole 2, sheep, and also killed a number of militia members in the past days.
The funeral of four members of the Quds brigade militia in the city of Deir Al-Zour, who were killed yesterday by a landmine explosion in the area of Al-Jolla.
Coalition withdrew a detachment of French advisers from Abu Ghraib area in west Baghdad. Al-Mayadeen: U. Agence France-Presse: a third Sudanese arrested after the attack with a knife near the French city of Lyon yesterday. Albukamal: A fighter from the Hayadrion militia was found dead in the Al-Suwaiya town of Al-Bukamal countryside near one of the headquarters of the militia on Sunday morning.
Thursday evening battle at Kelkoua, bank of Lake Chad as Tchadian forces fire rockets and Several BHT bunkers were discovered and destroyed. Iraqi security forces spokesman says that they have carried out controlled explosion of ISIS leftover explosion device west of Baghdad. Anti-Terror forces carried out an operation to arrest a Daesh agent in the countryside of Manbij before he could carry out a mass-shooting and then blow himself up in the city. During his attempt to evade, he was shot dead.In just a few weeks, the American withdrawal from northern Syria dramatically reordered power in the country after eight years of civil war.
Turkish forces were already in northwest Syria, but Turkey had long wanted to establish a roughly mile-deep buffer along the whole border. It sees the Kurdish-led forces there as terrorists. Roughly 1, American troops were positioned across bases and outposts in northern Syria — including two bases near the Turkish border. On Oct. Trump immediately ordered troops to withdraw from those two bases — allowing Turkey to move in and changing years of American policy.
Turkey followed by bombing Syrian towns and sending ground troops over the border. The offensive displaced aroundpeople and killed more than civilians.
Turkey reached the M4 highwaya crucial road that connects two Kurdish population centers — Kobani in the west and Qamishli in the east.
How the New Syria Took Shape
Control the M4 and you cut the Kurdish-led forces in two. Abandoned by the United States, the Kurds had few options. In a dramatic shift, they made a deal with an American enemy — the Syrian government. The partnership opened the door for President Bashar al-Assad to try to regain control of the whole country. The deal also allowed Russiawhich backs Mr.
As Americans continued to evacuate their bases, the United States signed a cease-fire deal with Turkey that demanded Kurdish forces leave the area where Turkey was advancing. Five days later, Russia and Turkey divided up northern Syria: Turkey got the area it had captured and a promise that the Kurds would push back 20 miles. Russia and Mr. The changing landscape also threw a wrench into U. The U. Al-Baghdadi was killed despite the obstacles. Iran, a long-time Syrian ally, could gain a long supply route to its proxy Hezbollah in Lebanon.
ISIS has an opening to regroup amid the chaos. And Russia cemented its status as the main foreign power in Syria.
The comments section is closed. To submit a letter to the editor for publication, write to letters nytimes. Read Comments.The scale, severity, and complexity of needs across Syria remain overwhelming.
Civilians continue to bear the brunt of a conflict marked by unparalleled suffering, destruction and disregard for human life. All Contributions Humanitarian Fund information. Unearmarked contributions or commitments are those for which the donor does not require the funds to be used for a specific project, sector, crisis or country, leaving OCHA to decide how to allocate the funds. Help global relief efforts by donating to OCHA and allow humanitarian agencies to help people in need quickly and effectively.
Toggle navigation. You are here Home Syrian Arab Republic. Syrian Arab Republic The scale, severity, and complexity of needs across Syria remain overwhelming. Latest products. More Situation reports. More Flash Updates. More Fact Sheets. Interactive: Syria Humanitarian Needs Overview. Regional Response to the Syria Crisis: Where we work.
Maps and infographics. More References. More Thematic. More Infographics. Key figures. Media Centre. More Multimedia. More Emergency Relief Coordinator.These are external links and will open in a new window. Turkey's military launched a cross-border operation against Kurdish-led forces in Syria in early October, after US troops who had been allied to the Kurds withdrew. After four days of fighting, the Kurds agreed a deal with the Syrian government for the Syrian army to be deployed on the border to help repel the Turkish assault.
But they have never had a widely-recognised permanent nation state of their own. For decades, they were suppressed and denied basic rights by President Bashar al-Assad and, before him, his father Hafez. Before the uprising against Mr Assad began in most Kurds lived in the cities of Damascus and Aleppo, and in three northern areas near the Turkish border - Afrin in the west, Kobane Ain al-Arab in the centre, and Qamishli in the east.
When the uprising evolved into a civil war, the main Kurdish parties avoided taking sides. Ingovernment forces withdrew from Kurdish areas to concentrate on fighting rebel factions elsewhere, and Kurdish militias took control in their wake. The battle sparked alarm across the world and a US-led multinational coalition against IS intervened by carrying out air strikes. After the militants retreated, the Kurds became the coalition's most critical partner on the ground in Syria.
With the help of coalition airpower, weaponry and advisers, SDF fighters drove IS out of a quarter of Syria and captured its last pocket of territory in the country in March They also set up an "autonomous administration" to govern the region. Turkey had long threatened to launch an operation in SDF-held territory to create a 32km mile deep "safe zone" running for km miles along the Syrian side of the border.
It wants to push back members of the YPG, which it views as an extension of a Kurdish rebel group that has been fighting in Turkey for decades and is designated a terrorist organisation - the Kurdistan Workers' Party PKK. Turkey also hopes to resettle, in the zone, up to two million of the 3. In an attempt to avert an offensive, the US and Turkish militaries agreed in August to set up a "security mechanism" on the Syrian side of border — an area that would be free of YPG fighters, but pointedly avoided using the term "safe zone".
US and Turkish troops carried out joint patrols in the area and the YPG co-operated, withdrawing fighters and heavy weapons and dismantling fortifications. Mr Trump responded by saying US troops based in the area would not support or be involved in the operation, it said. He said they aimed "to prevent the creation of a terror corridor across our southern border, and to bring peace to the area".
The SDF said it was determined to defend its territory "at all costs", but Turkish-led forces were able to steadily push their way into a sparsely populated, mostly Arab area between the towns of Tal Abyad and Ras al-Ain in the first five days of the assault.
Turkish air and artillery strikes affected a much larger area, including predominantly Kurdish towns and villages to the west and east. Amid growing chaos, US officials said on 13 October that Mr Trump had decided to begin withdraw all its troops from northern Syria.
Hours later, the SDF said an agreement had been reached with the Syrian government - which considers the US an enemy - for the Syrian army "to enter and deploy along the length of the Syrian-Turkish border" and repel the Turkish assault. The area falling within Turkey's "safe zone" is fertile plain that once served as Syria's breadbasket.
It is dotted with dozens of villages and towns, unlike the barren, desert regions to the south. When the Turkish offensive began, the UN said the potentially affected area included SDF-controlled territory that was home to 2. By 13 October, air strikes, shelling and fighting on the ground had reportedly killed dozens of civilians and forced more thanothers to flee their homes.
The UN said most of the displaced were from the towns of Ras al-Ain and Tal Abyadwhich were the initial targets of the Turkish assault. Some 5, internally displaced people IDPs living at the Mabruka camp, west of Ras al-Ain, had to be evacuated towards Hassakeh city after the surrounding area came under artillery fire on 10 October.
The area around the camps was hit by shells on 13 October as Turkish forces advanced, prompting some of the 13, residents to flee, it said. SDF officials reported that dozens of women and children being held at the camps because of suspected links to IS, including British nationals, were among those who fled. Meanwhile, there were reports of unrest at al-Hol camp, which is about 60km from the Turkish border and so would not be in Turkey's proposed "safe zone".
Some 68, people linked to IS are being detained al-Hol.
Syrian Arab Republic
At least 4, of the prisoners are foreign nationals. Some of the prisons are in areas close to the Turkish border, including Ain Issa, Qamishli and Derik. On 11 October, the SDF said five IS militants had escaped from a prison in Qamishli after Turkish shelling nearby and that a car bomb had exploded next to the wall of a prison in Hassakeh, causing damage.
Mr Trump told Mr Erdogan before the offensive that Turkish troops would be responsible for securing detained IS fighters in areas they captured. The SDF has said its fighters will continue to guard the prisons and camps, but there is a concern they could be called away to other areas or be forced to flee if attacked.The Middle East is a geographical and cultural region located primarily in western Asia, but also in parts of northern Africa and southeastern Europe.
Egypt in Africa also borders the Mediterranean and is sometimes considered as part of the Middle East, while Turkey and Cyprus literally connect Europe to Asia and oscillate between being called European and Middle Eastern.
ArmeniaAzerbaijanand Georgiaall located just northeast of Turkey, are at times associated with the Middle East, Europe, Asia, or as their own separate region. Saudi ArabiaYemenand Oman border these waters, with Iraq and Jordan connecting them to the western part of the region.
At the center of the Middle East rests the Persian Gulf, cutting into the region and giving it its hook-like shape. The eastern and northern borders of the Middle East are somewhat difficult to define.
There are also several unrecognized or partially recognized states within the Middle East. Palestine, which is made up of the Gaza Strip and West Bank regions in and around Israel, declared its independence in and is currently recognized as independent by countries, though it is not an official member of the United Nations and is not considered to be its own countries by every G-8 nation except Russia.
Abkhazia, Nagorno-Karabakh, and South Ossetia are all located within the Caucasus region around Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Russia and all declared their independence during the s, with limited recognition internationally. Northern Cyprus declared its independence in but is only recognized as a sovereign state within the UN by Turkey, with every other member considering it as simply part of Cyprus. Some borders within the Middle East are similarly difficult to define as a result of territorial disputes between countries within the region.
Some examples include the island of Abu Musa in the Persian Gulf, which is administered by Iran by claimed by the United Arab Emirates, the Golan Heights plateau, which was part of Syria until it was occupied and annexed by Israel during the Six-Day War, and the region of Kurdistan, which is officially a part of northern Iraq but also has an autonomous status.
The majority of the Middle East region is characterized by a warm desert climate. Weather in this climate is very high during the summer and can reach dangerous levels, with parts of Iraq and Iran having recorded feel-like temperatures of over degrees Fahrenheit 71 degrees Celsius.
Average temperatures during the summer usually rest at around degrees Fahrenheit 49 degrees Celsiuswhile the winters are somewhat milder. This climate also has very little rainfall, resulting in large desert regions. The northern regions of the Middle East in Iran, Afghanistanand Central Asia are closer to a steppe climate, with colder winters but still very little precipitation.
The Syrian Desert, which also stretches into JordanIraq, and Saudi Arabiacombines both traditional desert and steppe geography, while the Arabian Desert around YemenOmanJordan, Iraq, and the Persian Gulf contains more of the rolling sand dunes which often characterize desert imagery.
The Sahara Desert, which stretches across northern Africa and which is perhaps the best-known desert in the world, reaches into the Middle East by way of Egypt.
Despite the proliferation of deserts within the region, the Middle East also has several seas, gulfs, and rivers. The massive Tigris and Euphrates rivers begin in the mountains of eastern Turkey, flowing through Syria and Iraq out into the Persian Gulf. Using the most inclusive possible definition of the region as per the outlines listed previously, the total landmass of the Middle East is roughly 3.
The largest countries in the region are Saudi Arabia thousand square miles or 2. The smallest countries in the Middle East are Bahrain square miles or square kilometersCyprus 3, square miles or 9, square kilometersLebanon 3, square miles or Neolithic humans here made their first transitions from nomadic to agricultural lifestyles by inventing the wheel, basic agriculture, and the beginnings of the written word roughly 12, years ago.
Ancient Sumer was the first civilization on Earth, and produced the oldest known piece of literature, the Epic of Gilgamesh, which is now over years old. This region was also home to the ancient Akkadian, Babylonian, and Assyrian empires, while farther West the Middle East region saw the unification and rise of Ancient Egypt. Several Persian empires originating in modern Iran also rose to dominance in the Middle East, while the Romans and their successor state in the East, the Byzantine Empire, eventually controlled the region from the Mediterranean coasts up to the Euphrates River.
The Middle East is also the origin point for many of the religions and belief systems which help define modern civilizations today. The region was home to the ancient Kingdom of Israel and thus fostered the Jewish religion.